Incredible photographs from World War One show the animals that served in the war and their efforts assisting troops on the front line.
Over 16 million animals served in the First World War and were used for transport, communication and companionship.
Some of the creatures included pigeons carrying spy cameras, dogs transporting messages, elephants pulling cannons, as well as horses and donkeys that took supplies to front line.
During the four-and-a-half years of the First World War it is estimated that 8 million horses, mules and donkeys died, along with 100,000 pigeons.
Meanwhile creatures such as foxes, goats and kangaroos served as mascots for units and were tended to by the troops.
Also featured is the small black bear purchased Canadian Lieutenant Harry D. Colebourn, who he named Winnipeg – shortened to Winnie – after his hometown of Winnipeg, in Manitoba.
Winnie was the inspiration for British author A.A Milne’s beloved stories of Winnie The Pooh.
The incredible photos feature in Tanya and Stephen Wynn’s book Animals in the Great War, a look at the use of animals on both sides of the Great War.
Remarkable photographs from World War One show the animals that served in the war and the effect they had on the front line. One of the animals featured is Lieutenant Harry D. Colebourn’s small black bear he named Winnipeg (pictured) – shortened to Winnie – after his hometown of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnie later became the inspiration for the A.A Milne books
A pilot, from the 2nd Squadron Royal Air Force, posed with a pet fox on his aircraft. The animal appears quite at ease and happy with the pilot, even wearing a collar and a lead
Boston bull terrier named Sergeant Stubby (pictured) was the only dog promoted to the rank of sergeant and highly decorated. An injury in a German gas attack left the American pooch acutely sensitive to gas. This new found gift allowed Stubby to warn soldiers of an impending gas attack, which he did by running about and barking
This German POW in a Dorchester camp appeared to be in good spirits being photographed with his companion, a rabbit, on his shoulder
A cat is pictured enjoying a leisurely stroll on the cannon of a ship. Felines were useful for catching vermin onboard all sorts of floating vessels during the war. Cats, as well as dogs, were also trained to hunt rats in the trenches and wounded men in No Man’s Land
During the war, pigeons had cameras strapped to their chests and were used as spies to do reconnaissance work over enemy lines
Aside from spy work, pigeons were also worked as messengers, rapidly taking notes from the battle field to HQ. This pigeon loft where the birds would rest after a mission
These soldiers on the front line are pictured releasing a message from a pigeons leg. The winged messengers would often be targeted by enemy marksmen as they found their way ‘home’
Camels were also used during the war, they carried food, water, ammunition and medical supplies to men at the front
This image shows the Australian Camel Corps who used the animal in desert warfare than horses and also less skittish
In this image one soldier, who appears to smile, holding the chicken. Meanwhile the soldier on the left holding the rabbit appears to grimace
Australian units serving in Egypt (pictured with the Pyramids in the background) took care of their kangaroo who served as a mascot for the troops in the desert. Fortunately for the kangaroo, there would not have been too much difference between the heat of an Egyptian desert and the dry and arid conditions it was used to back home
Indian elephants are photograph pulling a large artillery piece. While they were slower than horses, Elephants were more stronger and to carry the heavy load on rough terrain
The images and stories about these animals, from Tanya and Stephen Wynn’s book Animals in the Great War (pictured), looks at the impact of creatures – great and small – on both sides of the Great War