Those who reported that exercise had about 1.5 or 43%, fewer days of “poor self-reported mental health” in the last month compared to those who did not train. Poor mental health was reported in the study as stress, depression and emotional problems.
“In comparison with all other treatments, when a patient successfully exercises the right dose, there is a sense of self-confidence and self-confidence that the patient develops, which is definitely also a remarkably positive thing,” says Dr. Madhukar Trivedi, Head of Center for Depression Research and Clinical Care at Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute at the Southwestern Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. He was not involved in the study but recently published a paper in JAMA psychiatry linking to midlife fitness with lower risk of depression.
“I think it’s a big deal,” says Adam Chekroud, a writer of the study and deputy professor of psychiatry at Yale University. “Even if you only go three times a week, it seems to give people better mental health than not training at all. I think from a public health perspective, it’s quite important because it shows we can have the potential to have a rather big impact on the mental health for many people. “
The sweet training site proved to be 45-minute sessions three to five times a week. There was not a big difference in practicing more than 90 minutes in one session ̵
1; until one met the three-hour mark. Then there seemed to be worse mental health associated with these people compared to others who did not work out at all.
“I think it’s sensible,” said Chekroud. “If you do not train enough, maybe it does not give you the biological aspect of exercise, you may not put your body through the intensity and through the changes it needs to stimulate the biological changes in the brain. High end, anecdotal we hear a lot about people who become addicted to exercise or maybe you’re kind to running in the field. “
Although all forms of exercise resulted in better mental health compared to nothing, the strongest association was found in people who played popular team sports (22% lower mental strain), cycling (22%) and other aerobics and gym activities (20%). Even completing household chores led to about 10% reduction in days of poor mental health for a month, researchers found.
“Exercise in group settings may have a slightly higher advantage than training alone,” said Trivedi. “There is not enough evidence that it is very strong, but it may be what happened.”
In the case of cycling, Chekroud, who is also chief scientist at Spring Health, a psychiatric company based in New York, providing mental health services to large employers and an avid cyclist himself, said: “There is … that biological benefit of exercise. And you will have increases in your breathing rate and your heart rate and that type. But it is also an opportunity where you are not working for a relatively long time and you will think about things, maybe reevaluating situations like happening in your life. “
The authors adjusted for different physical and sociodemographic factors such as age, race, gender , marital status, socioeconomic status, education, self-reported physical health and previous diagnosis of depression.
Yet, the improvement from the exercise was more than could be seen from any other social or demographic factor, such as education, body mass index or household income.
Seventy-five types of “exercise” were included in the report, which means that some experts prefer another label instead.
“In the current survey, we see that activities such as childcare, housework, lawn mowing, carpentry, fishing and yoga are included in practice,” Dr. Gary Cooney, a psychiatrist at Gartnavel Royal Hospital in the UK in a accompanying comment published with the article. “The study … in its all-encompassing approach, can be more accurately regarded as a study in physical activity rather than exercise.”
Although the study is allegedly the largest of its size and “unchanging in scale” has some limitations, Cooney said. Mental disorders are not a monolith and there are discrete factors involved in research and clinical purposes of various conditions such as dementia, substance abuse or personality disorder, he said.
“There is an uncomfortable interchangeability between mental health and depression, as if these concepts were functionally equivalent or as if other mental disorders were somewhat peripheral,” wrote Cooney, who also cited the authors’ choice to investigate previous studies of exercise and predominantly depression. Consequently, the study can provide the most guidance in depression research.
“I think that particular concern is more academic than a practical concern,” Chekroud fought. “I think that some of the reason we were less worried about the particular comment was that we know that depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions. And when talking about mental health, most mood or anxiety disorder is true. So that’s true that some people will have things like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder but these conditions represent a very small proportion of the population. “
” In the future we can start cheating on different categories of illness and maybe we should see another pattern, but I think Overall, if there’s a crash drop in this situation, “he added.
And because the responses to the survey are self-reported, individuals with conditions such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disease or bipolar affective disease may have a reduced ability to do exactly, Cooney said.
The next step in research sets more detailed questions and follows up with people in the long run, Trivedi said. The authors of the study also suggest collecting data from portable tractors, such as Fitbit, to accurately determine how frequency, duration and intensity of exercise and mental strain are linked.
“People and patients should actually become well-informed and be informed consumers and ask their doctors if this is a valid treatment for them or not,” said Trivedi. “And if the doctor says yes, you’ll try to find a plan to insure any other treatment. If you get pills, you expect a way to take them regularly. If your doctor and you decide training is your treatment then develops you strategies to ensure that you basically swallow the pill. “