Florence the Machine! HS2 tunnelling monster named after famous nurse begins 10-mile burrow

The boss of HS2 has said he hopes the UK ‘gets behind’ the controversial project following the launch of its first giant tunnelling machine.

Chief executive Mark Thurston described the start of work to dig a 10-mile tunnel under the Chiltern Hills as ‘a major step forward’.

The 558ft (170m) long tunnel boring machine (TBM) was launched at a site in West Hyde, Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire, on Thursday. 

The machine, named after nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale, is fitted with a drill head which is 33feet wide.  

It will operate as a self-contained factory with a crew of 17 people working 12-hour shifts to keep it running continuously for three years. 

There is major concern about the cost and environmental impact of building the high-speed railway.

The Government-commissioned Oakervee Review warned in 2018 that the final bill could reach £106 billion (at 2019 prices) due to it running tens of billions of pounds over budget.

The 558ft (170m) long tunnel boring machine (TBM) was launched at a site in West Hyde, Rickmansworth, in Hertfordshire, on Thursday

The 558ft (170m) long tunnel boring machine (TBM) was launched at a site in West Hyde, Rickmansworth, in Hertfordshire, on Thursday

The 558ft (170m) long tunnel boring machine (TBM) was launched at a site in West Hyde, Rickmansworth, in Hertfordshire, on Thursday 

The machine is fitted with a drill head which is 33feet wide and will work non-stop for three years

The machine is fitted with a drill head which is 33feet wide and will work non-stop for three years

The machine is fitted with a drill head which is 33feet wide and will work non-stop for three years 

The machine will operate as a self-contained factory with a crew of 17 people working 12-hour shifts to keep it running continuously

The machine will operate as a self-contained factory with a crew of 17 people working 12-hour shifts to keep it running continuously

The machine will operate as a self-contained factory with a crew of 17 people working 12-hour shifts to keep it running continuously

Meanwhile, environmental activists sprayed pink paint on to the London office of HS2 last week, in protest at the CO2 emissions created by the construction work.

In an interview with the PA news agency, Mr Thurston said: ‘HS2 is a way of getting investment into the economy when we know the economy is struggling on the back of the pandemic.

‘I would hope the country gets behind what is a national endeavour and takes pride in the fact that this is creating jobs for British people.’

HS2 minister Andrew Stephenson claimed it is ‘odd’ that green groups oppose the railway.

He said: ‘You’ve got the Green Party in France and other countries that have championed high-speed rail.

The TBM launched on Thursday is named Florence after Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing who spent many years in Buckinghamshire. Pictured: A statue of Saint Barbara, the patron saint of mines, sits next to Florence

The TBM launched on Thursday is named Florence after Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing who spent many years in Buckinghamshire. Pictured: A statue of Saint Barbara, the patron saint of mines, sits next to Florence

The TBM launched on Thursday is named Florence after Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing who spent many years in Buckinghamshire. Pictured: A statue of Saint Barbara, the patron saint of mines, sits next to Florence

There is major concern about the cost and environmental impact of building the high-speed railway. Pictured: A worker walks beneath the boring machine

There is major concern about the cost and environmental impact of building the high-speed railway. Pictured: A worker walks beneath the boring machine

There is major concern about the cost and environmental impact of building the high-speed railway. Pictured: A worker walks beneath the boring machine

Workers on Florence - the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project - which was unveiled at the HS2 site in West Hyde near Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire on Thursday

Workers on Florence - the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project - which was unveiled at the HS2 site in West Hyde near Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire on Thursday

Workers on Florence – the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project – which was unveiled at the HS2 site in West Hyde near Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire on Thursday

A total of 10 TBMs will be deployed between London and the West Midlands for Phase 1 of the high-speed railway

A total of 10 TBMs will be deployed between London and the West Midlands for Phase 1 of the high-speed railway

A total of 10 TBMs will be deployed between London and the West Midlands for Phase 1 of the high-speed railway

‘It seems odd that in the UK we have environmental campaigners who still do not see the benefit in a low-carbon mass infrastructure project.’

He said ‘cutting-edge techniques’ are being used to reduce carbon emissions during construction, and claimed an electric railway is ‘far better than having people in cars’.

A total of 10 TBMs will be deployed between London and the West Midlands for Phase 1 of the high-speed railway.

The line will be extended from Birmingham to Crewe in Phase 2a, with Phase 2b planned to run from Crewe to Manchester, and from Birmingham to Leeds.

The high-tech machine is the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project. Pictured: A worker makes adjustments on the machine's control system

The high-tech machine is the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project. Pictured: A worker makes adjustments on the machine's control system

The high-tech machine is the largest ever tunnel boring machine used on a UK rail project. Pictured: A worker makes adjustments on the machine’s control system

The machine will travel at a speed of around 50feet (15metres) a day, digging away earth and installing precision engineered segments as it goes

The machine will travel at a speed of around 50feet (15metres) a day, digging away earth and installing precision engineered segments as it goes

The machine will travel at a speed of around 50feet (15metres) a day, digging away earth and installing precision engineered segments as it goes 

Tunnel segments sit on a low loader near the boring machine. Florence will install the segments as she makes progress boring through the earth

Tunnel segments sit on a low loader near the boring machine. Florence will install the segments as she makes progress boring through the earth

Tunnel segments sit on a low loader near the boring machine. Florence will install the segments as she makes progress boring through the earth

But Tuesday’s Queen’s Speech raised fears that the eastern leg could be scrapped due to the cost of the project.

A Bill providing the powers to extend the line to Manchester was announced alongside the speech which set out the Government’s agenda, but no mention was made of the stretch to Leeds.

Asked if he could guarantee that the eastern leg will be built, Mr Stephenson replied: ‘We are committed to bringing the benefits of high-speed rail to the Midlands and the North.

‘The sequencing of those investments is subject to the Integrated Rail Plan, and we are very much hoping to have that published as early as possible.’

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