Julian Assange supporters gather outside court ahead of extradition hearing

Protesters have gathered outside court ahead of an extradition hearing for Wikileaks founder Julian Assange today.

An attempt by the US to have him extradited from the UK over computer hacking allegations is due to be discussed at Westminster Magistrates’ Court later after Home Secretary Sajid Javid agreed to the request.

The crowd of around a dozen supporters held banners, including one with the message ‘Free Assange’.

Some protesters chanted ‘justice for Julian Assange’ and ‘Defend freedom and democracy’.

Supporters of Julian Assange outside Westminster Magistrates' Court in London for the latest extradition case management hearing for the WikiLeaks founder

Supporters of Julian Assange outside Westminster Magistrates' Court in London for the latest extradition case management hearing for the WikiLeaks founder

Supporters of Julian Assange outside Westminster Magistrates’ Court in London for the latest extradition case management hearing for the WikiLeaks founder

The crowd of around a dozen supporters held banners, including one with the message 'Free Assange' outside Westminster Magistrates' Court today

The crowd of around a dozen supporters held banners, including one with the message 'Free Assange' outside Westminster Magistrates' Court today

The crowd of around a dozen supporters held banners, including one with the message ‘Free Assange’ outside Westminster Magistrates’ Court today

Julian Assange, pictured leaving the Ecuadorian Embassy on April 11, is facing possible extradition to the United States where officials want to charge him for leaking secrets

Julian Assange, pictured leaving the Ecuadorian Embassy on April 11, is facing possible extradition to the United States where officials want to charge him for leaking secrets

Julian Assange, pictured leaving the Ecuadorian Embassy on April 11, is facing possible extradition to the United States where officials want to charge him for leaking secrets

The case management hearing is due to take place and the Wikileaks founder is expected to appear by video link.

Mr Javid said he had signed and certified an extradition order on Wednesday, although the final decision rests with the courts.

Protestor Jeannie Farr, who was outside Westminster Magistrates’ Court today said the US request was ‘illegal and immoral.’

 She said: ‘It completely forgets the due process of law.

Some protesters chanted 'justice for Julian Assange' and 'Defend freedom and democracy'

Some protesters chanted 'justice for Julian Assange' and 'Defend freedom and democracy'

Some protesters chanted ‘justice for Julian Assange’ and ‘Defend freedom and democracy’

‘We used to have some notion in a democracy that you were innocent until proven guilty.’

Ms Farr, who travelled to the demonstration from Stratford-upon-Avon, added: ‘I don’t think a process can be legal if it’s been set in motion through illegal actions and taking Julian Assange from the Ecuadorian embassy was not done in any way from the rule of law.’

Assange is serving a 50-week prison sentence after being dragged out of the Ecuadorian embassy in April and jailed for a bail violation.

And an investigation has also been reopened into an allegation of rape in Sweden, which Assange has always denied.

Julian Assange pictured as he is led out of the Ecuadorian Embassy in London in handcuffs following his arrest by British police in April. He is being investigated in Sweden and the U.S.

Julian Assange pictured as he is led out of the Ecuadorian Embassy in London in handcuffs following his arrest by British police in April. He is being investigated in Sweden and the U.S.

Julian Assange pictured as he is led out of the Ecuadorian Embassy in London in handcuffs following his arrest by British police in April. He is being investigated in Sweden and the U.S.

Mr Javid told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: ‘I am very pleased that the police were finally able to apprehend him and now he’s rightly behind bars because he broke UK law.

‘There is an extradition request from the US… I signed the extradition order and certified it and that will be going in front of the courts.’

He said it was a decision for the courts over whether Assange should be extradited.

Mr Javid added: ‘There is a very important part of it for the Home Secretary and I want to see justice done at all times and we’ve got a legitimate extradition request so I’ve signed it but the final decision is now with the courts.’

What is the process for extraditing someone to the US and how far down the path is Julian Assange? 

1. Extradition request is made to the Secretary of State. In Assange’s case, this took place on Tuesday, when the U.S. authorities sent a formal request to Sajid Javid.

2. Secretary of State decides whether to certify the request. In Assange’s case, this happened yesterday.

3. Judge decides whether to issue a warrant for arrest. This will not be necessary in Assange’s case, as he is already in custody for breaching his bail.

4. Preliminary hearing. This is due to take place tomorrow. An earlier attempt to hold the hearing was delayed when Assange was said to be too ill to come to court.

5. Extradition hearing. A full hearing of the issues will later be presented to a court. U.S. Authorities will be represented by one team of lawyers. Assange will be represented by his own lawyers. A judge decides whether there is ‘prima facie evidence of guilt’ and whether extradition would breach a person’s human rights.

6. Appeal. A judge’s decision to extradite someone can be appealed in the High Court. Assange declined to consent to be extradite, suggesting he is planning to appeal any decision against him.

7. Secretary of State decides whether to order extradition. The final decision is then made by the Home Secretary. Mr Javid’s comments today suggest that if he were to still be Home Secretary at that time, this would be a formality.

8. Possible further appeal. People facing extradition can also appeal the Home Secretary’s rubber stamping of their case in the High Court and potentially the Supreme Court. The history of Assange’s case suggests this is likely if the case gets this far.

HMP Belmarsh in London, where Assange is serving 50 weeks for skipping bail but could be extradited to the US

HMP Belmarsh in London, where Assange is serving 50 weeks for skipping bail but could be extradited to the US

HMP Belmarsh in London, where Assange is serving 50 weeks for skipping bail but could be extradited to the US

A Home Office spokesman said: ‘Mr Assange was arrested in relation to a provisional extradition request from the United States of America.

‘He is accused of offences including computer misuse and the unauthorised disclosure of national defence information.

‘We have received the full extradition request, which has been certified by the Home Secretary.

‘This case is now before the courts and it would be inappropriate to comment further.’

Julian Assange’s long legal battle

2006

Assange creates Wikileaks with a group of like-minded activists and IT experts to provide a secure way for whistleblowers to leak information. He quickly becomes its figurehead and a lightning rod for criticism.

2010

March: U.S. authorities allege Assange engaged in a conspiracy to hack a classified U.S. government computer with former Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning. 

July: Wikileaks starts releasing tens of thousands of top secrets documents, including a video of U.S. helicopter pilots gunning down 12 civilians in Baghdad in 2007.  What followed was the release of more than 90,000 classified US military files from the Afghan war and 400,000 from Iraq that included the names of informants. 

August: Two Swedish women claim that they each had consensual sex with Assange in separate instances when he was on a 10-day trip to Stockholm. They allege the sex became non-consensual when Assange refused to wear a condom.

First woman claims Assange was staying at her apartment in Stockholm when he ripped off her clothes. She told police that when she realized Assange was trying to have unprotected sex with her, she demanded he use a condom. She claims he ripped the condom before having sex.

Second Swedish woman claims she had sex with Assange at her apartment in Stockholm and she made him wear a condom. She alleges that she later woke up to find Assange having unprotected sex with her.

He was questioned by police in Stockholm and denied the allegations. Assange was granted permission by Swedish authorities to fly back to the U.K.  

November: A Swedish court ruled that the investigation should be reopened and Assange should be detained for questioning on suspicion of rape, sexual molestation and unlawful coercion. An international arrest warrant is issued by Swedish police through Interpol.

Wikileaks releases its cache of more than 250,000 U.S. diplomatic cables.  

December: Assange presents himself to London police and appears at an extradition hearing where he is remanded in custody. Assange is granted conditional bail at the High Court in London after his supporters pay £240,000 in cash and sureties.

2011

February: A British judge rules Assange should be extradited to Sweden but Wikileaks found vows to fight the decision.

April:  A cache of classified U.S. military documents is released by Wikileaks, including intelligence assessments on nearly all of the 779 people who are detained at the Guantanamo Bay prison in Cuba.

November: Assange loses High Court appeal against the decision to extradite him.

2012

June: Assange enters the Ecuadorian embassy in London requesting political asylum. 

August: Assange is granted political asylum by Ecuador.

2013

June: Assange tells a group of journalists he will not leave the embassy even if sex charges against him are dropped out of fear he will be extradited to the U.S.

2015

August: Swedish prosecutors drop investigation into some of the sex allegations against Assange due to time restrictions. The investigation into suspected rape remains active.

2016

July: Wikileaks begins leaking emails U.S. Democratic Party officials favoring Hillary Clinton.

November: Assange is questioned over the sex allegation at the Ecuadorian Embassy in the presence of Sweden’s assistant prosecutor Ingrid Isgren and police inspector Cecilia Redell. The interview spans two days. 

2017

January: Barack Obama agrees to free whistleblower Chelsea Manning from prison. Her pending release prompts speculation Assange will end his self-imposed exile after Wikileaks tweeted he would agree to U.S. extradition.

April: Lenin Moreno becomes the new president of Ecuador who was known to want to improve diplomatic relations between his country and the U.S. 

May: An investigation into a sex allegation against Assange is suddenly dropped by Swedish prosecutors. 

2018

January: Ecuador confirms it has granted citizenship to Assange following his request. 

February: Assange is visited by Pamela Anderson and Nobel Peace Prize winner Adolfo Perez Esquivel.

March: The Ecuadorian Embassy suspends Assange’s internet access because he wasn’t complying with a promise he made the previous year to ‘not send messages which entailed interference in relation to other states’.

August: U.S. Senate committee asks to interview Assange as part of their investigation into alleged Russian interference in the 2016 election.

September: Assange steps down as editor of WikiLeaks.

October: Assange reveals he will launch legal action against the government of Ecuador, accusing it of violating his ‘fundamental rights and freedoms’.

November: U.S. Justice Department inadvertently names Assange in a court document that says he has been charged in secret. 

2019

January: Assange’s lawyers say they are taking action to make President Trump’s administration reveal charges ‘secretly filed’ against him.

April 6: WikiLeaks tweets that a high level Ecuadorian source has told them Assange will be expelled from the embassy within ‘hours or days’. But a senior Ecuadorian official says no decision has been made to remove him from the London building.

April 11: Assange has his diplomatic asylum revoked by Ecuador. 

May 23: Assange is hit with 18 counts by a federal grand jury in Virginia  

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