Theresa May faced a wall of EU resistance today as she staged a whirlwind tour begging for Brexit concessions.
The Prime Minister has met Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte for breakfast in the Hague, and held crucial talks with Angela Merkel in Berlin as she pleaded for help winning over furious MPs.
She is also due to head for Brussels for discussions with Donald Tusk and Jean-Claude Juncker as they desperately try to find a way through the mounting crisis.
One option being pushed by the UK is Parliament having an annual vote on whether the Irish border backstop should stay in place.
But she was given short shrift by Mrs Merkel, who insisted there is ‘no way to change’ the Withdrawal Agreement.
In a speech to MEPs today, EU commission president Mr Juncker delivered the same message, saying the only possibility was ‘clarifying’ what had been agreed.
Senior Tories fear the frantic diplomatic activity is ‘pointless’ because EU leaders do not believe she would follow through with no deal.
‘Brussels thinks we will cave in,’ one former minister told MailOnline. ‘They can see that she is weak.’
The diplomatic scramble comes after Mrs May was humiliatingly forced to scrap a Commons vote on the Brexit deal to avoid catastrophic defeat.
Theresa May held crucial talks with Angela Merkel in Berlin (pictured) as she begs for help winning over furious MPs
Mrs Merkel looked grim faced as she waved the PM off after their talks in Berlin today
Mrs May has left the country at a time when the threats to her position are at the highest level yet – with more Conservative MPs sending no-confidence letters, and Remainers plotting to force a second referendum.
Former minister Steve Baker urged his colleagues this morning to recognise that they face the ‘certainty of failure’ under Mrs May, urging them: ‘You must be brave.’
He added: ‘I really think it is her duty now to go.’
The number of MPs who confirmed to have written letters of no confidence has now risen to 28, after Crispin Blunt added himself to the list.
Meanwhile, Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon demanded Labour gets behind calls for another referendum, saying it is the ‘only way’ to resolve the impasse in Parliament.
The SNP is threatening to try to force a Commons no-confidence vote if Jeremy Corbyn does not trigger one – but the Labour leadership thinks now is not the time to try its hand.
The Prime Minister is having breakfast in the Netherlands with counterpart Mark Rutte this morning before going on to meet German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin
Boris Johnson and Michael Gove (pictured left and right today) campaigned together during the Brexit referendum, but have ended up on opposing sides over Mrs May’s deal
EU commission president Jean-Claude Juncker warned ‘there is no room for renegotiation’
In shambolic scenes yesterday, news of the U-turn on the Brexit vote came just 24 minutes after a Downing Street spokeswoman told journalists it was definitely going ahead. No new date has been given.
Cabinet ministers including Michael Gove, who had been giving interviews hours earlier insisting the showdown was ‘100 per cent’ happening, were infuriated at having been left hanging.
May faces growing threat of Tory no-confidence vote
Steve Baker urged colleagues to be ‘brave’ and send letters to the powerful Conservative 1922 committee that would start the process of evicting the PM.
He also insisted Mrs May should consider her own position after being forced to postpone a crunch Commons Brexit vote to avoid humiliating defeat.
The brutal attack from the former Brexit minister came as the tally of MPs confirmed as having sent no-confidence letters to 1922 chair Sir Graham Brady hit 28, with Crispin Blunt adding himself to the list.
More are believed to have sent letters privately, but Sir Graham never talks about how many he has received.
When the figure reaches 48 a formal no-confidence vote of Tory MPs is triggered, in which Mrs May would need to gain majority support to survive.
The Conservative process is separate from a no-confidence vote in Parliament, where MPs of all political stripes take part.
There are claims that EU officials were told the vote was being shelved on Sunday, before the Cabinet. But Downing Street sources dismissed that as ‘b******s’, insisting while there were discussions about the difficult Parliamentary arithmetic, final decisions were not taken until Monday.
In a three-hour session with MPs, the Prime Minister denied she had ‘bottled it’ but accepted she had been facing a big defeat.
Hardline Eurosceptics warned they would not support the deal unless the Irish backstop was abandoned altogether – a move specifically ruled out by Brussels and Dublin.
Mrs May told MPs she believed EU leaders were open to discussion about the idea of providing reassurances that the backstop, which critics fear could leave the UK locked in a customs union against its will, would only be temporary.
Leader of the house Andrea Leadsom suggested today that Mrs May was seeking changes that would give Parliament an additional ‘democratic ability to decide’.
‘That might include an addendum to the Withdrawal Agreement that sets out that Parliament will vote prior to going into a backstop, should that prove necessary, and potentially that the EU parliament and UK parliament must vote every year thereafter to provide that legitimacy for the UK to stay in the backstop, should that prove necessary,’ she told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.
‘So there are plenty of options for the PM to talk to the EU about that don’t involve reopening the Withdrawal Agreement, but that would provide the legal text as a part of the Withdrawal Agreement, through perhaps an addendum.’
But in a speech to the European parliament this morning, Mr Juncker said: ‘There is no room whatsoever for renegotiation, but of course there is room if used intelligently, there is room enough to give further clarifications and further interpretations without opening the Withdrawal Agreement.
Attorney General Geoffrey Cox (left) and Labour’s Hillary Benn (right) were seen in animated discussion outside of Parliament today
‘This will not happen: everyone has to note that the Withdrawal Agreement will not be reopened.’
He said that Brexit was a ‘surprise guest’ at the European Council, adding: ‘I’m surprised because we had reached an agreement on the 25th November together with the Government of the United Kingdom.
‘Notwithstanding that, it would appear that there are problems right at the end of the road.’
The DUP’s Brexit spokesman Sammy Wilson warned Mrs May’s mindset will ‘guarantee she comes back with nothing which is going to alleviate fears’.
He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme she could only get reassurances over the Irish border backstop which ‘don’t mean anything when they are put against a legally-binding international agreement’.
A Tory former minister predicted Brussels would just try to wait the UK out.
‘They will think we won’t do no deal,’ they said. ‘I think they are wrong about that, but that’s what they think.
‘The whole negotiation has been handled badly. I don’t know where it ends. It is a really really bad situation.’
Another loyalist Tory MP said they had ‘no idea’ how things would play out. ‘It is absolutely clear that anything could happen.’
Ms Sturgeon said the only thing blocking a parliamentary majority for a fresh vote was the fact that ‘Labour is not yet behind that’.
‘If Labour get behind that, I do think there is a prospect of a majority for that. There is perhaps a greater prospect now for a majority for that than for anything else,’ she said.
‘But, in order to put that to the test to get to that point, we need to get Labour off of the fence that it is determinedly sitting on right now and backing a clear way forward.
‘A clear way forward is another vote because Theresa May’s plan is not going to get a majority, she simply is running down the clock.’
Tory sources said Mrs May had reluctantly agreed to delay the planned Brexit vote after being warned that up to 100 Conservative MPs planned to vote against it, condemning her to a potentially career-ending defeat.
A string of ministers, led by Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson, had spent days warning her not to proceed.
The delay was confirmed during an emergency conference call of Cabinet ministers at 11.30am and quickly leaked – minutes after a No10 spokeswoman insisted to journalists that the vote was going ahead.
A Cabinet source said there was an ‘air of resignation’ among ministers about the Brexit deadlock.
Jacob Rees-Mogg (pictured) has accused the Prime Minister of presiding over a national humiliation
‘She had to delay the vote, but it leaves us in a dreadful position,’ said one source. ‘No one really knows what she wants or has much confidence she can salvage this thing. But it’s the worst possible time for a leadership contest.’
Sir Graham Brady, chairman of the 1922 Committee of Tory MPs, last night suggested the delay would head off the immediate risk of a leadership challenge.
He said Mrs May had done the right thing: ‘Lots of people have predicted the Prime Minister’s downfall, they have been wrong when they have done so.’
Mr Rees-Mogg, who led last month’s aborted attempt to unseat the Prime Minister, yesterday accused her of presiding over a national humiliation. But it is far from clear that hardline Eurosceptics have the numbers to force a confidence vote or leadership contest.
Whitehall sources acknowledged there was little chance of a negotiating breakthrough this week, meaning any vote is likely to be delayed until at least January 7.
Adam Marshall, director general of the British Chambers of Commerce, said: ‘Firms are looking on with utter dismay at the ongoing saga in Westminster.
‘Politicians are seemingly acting in their own interest, with little regard for the millions of people whose livelihoods depend on the success of UK business and trade.’
Former No 10 director of legislative affairs Nikki da Costa – who quit over the deal – blamed chief whip Julian Smith for the chaos.
She said: ‘I can’t disagree with much of this, but in defence of the Whips Office, when it’s command and control, and those that challenge are ostracised, and experienced Whips officials and SpAds are ignored, there’s not much hope that the operation can compensate for the Chief.
‘Junior whips can learn art of whipping, and how to build relationships with their flocks, but as with any team you need to invest. If you have no licence to take responsibility, and everything is by the Chief’s say so, how much can you do? Don’t write off the Office by the Chief.
‘Saying this because no one on the inside can say it, I can now and I should – there are good people there.’
Brexit’s key players as another week of drama looms
The Labour leader is also under pressure from elements of his own party who want him to move a confidence vote against the Government.
Some 50 Labour MPs and peers have urged him to force the issue, as have the Liberal Democrats and SNP.
However, the Labour leadership has made it clear it wants to strike when it considers Mrs May to be at her weakest, and is, for now, keeping its powder dry until it sees what, if anything, the PM brings back from the EU.
The European Council president said that Brexit had now been added to the two-day EU summit taking place this week after the events at Westminster.
However, Mr Tusk signalled the EU intends to stand firm, stating that the EU would not renegotiate the deal, or backstop measures on the Irish border issue, but would only discuss ‘how to facilitate UK ratification’.
Mr Tusk has repeatedly expressed sadness at the prospect of Brexit and its impact on both sides.
The European Commission president has also made clear that negotiations will not be re-opened.
Mr Juncker has made a point of saying the EU will stand firm with the Irish government over backstop arrangements for the Irish border which would see the UK remain subject to the bloc’s customs rules if no wider trade deal is agreed before the end of a transition period.
The Taoiseach has taken a much tougher stance on Brexit issues since taking over as Irish leader from Enda Kenny in 2017.
Heading a minority government and facing possible elections within the next few months, Mr Varadkar cannot afford to be seen to give ground to the UK at home.
Citing the need to maintain peace in Northern Ireland, Mr Varadkar has insisted that backstop measures must stay in place after the transition period ‘unless and until’ a trade agreement is in place.
The DUP leader has been flexing her party’s political muscles over Brexit as Mrs May relies on it for a slender Commons majority.
Mrs Foster has insisted that the backstop measures are unacceptable and the DUP cannot support them.
However, the DUP has said it will back Mrs May if she faces a confidence vote in the Commons, but only if the EU Withdrawal Agreement is voted down or significantly changed.
The German Chancellor will be a major player in any moves on Brexit.
However, she is now a weakened figure after standing down as the leader of her CDU party, but remaining as Chancellor.
Mrs Merkel will be a key voice in any softening of the EU line, especially as French President Emmanuel Macron is expected to maintain a tough position.
Sir Graham Brady
The chairman of the powerful 1922 Committee of Tory backbenchers is the only person who knows how many MPs have put in letters calling for a vote of confidence in Mrs May.
If the figure reaches 48 Tory MPs then a vote would be automatically triggered.
Sir Graham said he backed the PM’s decision to defer the Brexit vote, but added: ‘I think it’s best to recognise we are in uncertain times. A very difficult point in British politics.’
The arch-Breexiter believes the chances of a no deal exit from the EU have increased due the Prime Minister’s Commons move.
The MP wants a ‘managed no deal’ and has turned up the heat on Mrs May repeatedly insisting a new PM would be needed for such a course of action.
Mr Rees-Mogg was widely considered to have overplayed his hand recently when leading figures from the European Research Group of Tory MPs he heads called for backbenchers to put in letters into the 1922 Committee calling for a vote of confidence in Mrs May.