How does Nicola Sturgeon’s lockdown exit strategy compare with Boris Johnson’s?
Schools: Scotland is using a phased return to the classroom, with the youngest pupils back this week, more returning on March 15 and the remaining pupils back on April 5. In England, all schools will fully reopen on March 8.
Shops: All non-essential shops in England will be allowed to reopen on April 12. In Scotland, some will be able to reopen from April 5 but a major reopening is not expected until at least April 26 when the country goes back to the levels system.
Pubs and restaurants: Outdoor hospitality in England will reopen from April 12 with indoor hospitality allowed from May 17. Pubs and restaurants in Scotland could start to reopen in some form from April 26 when the levels system resumes.
Social interaction: People in England can meet one on one outside for recreation from March 8 before a return to the rule of six and two household limit for outdoors on March 29. In Scotland the limit on outdoor mixing will be increased on March 15 to allow four people from two households to meet.
Nicola Sturgeon today unveiled a lockdown exit roadmap for Scotland which will see the stay at home rule lifted and the return of some non-essential shops on April 5 – a week earlier than in England.
She said her ‘deliberately cautious’ plan will start with more pupils heading back to classrooms on March 15 and with the limit on outdoor mixing being increased on the same date to allow four people from a maximum of two households to meet.
April 5 will then see all remaining pupils return to school as well as communal worship being allowed to restart.
The definition of ‘essential’ retail will also be changed at this point to allow more shops to reopen – one week before the return of all retail in England which is earmarked to take place from April 12.
However, Scotland will have to wait until April 26 for a ‘phased but significant reopening of the economy’ when the nation will return to a tier system of restrictions.
Initially the aim is for all parts of the country to move into Level 3 at that point before then moving down the levels based on infection rates and the rate of transmission.
Ms Sturgeon said it is from the last week of April that she hopes to see the gradual reopening of more shops, hospitality venues like pubs and restaurants and hairdressers as well as gyms.
The Scottish First Minister said the coronavirus situation in Scotland is ‘still quite precarious’ as she urged the country to be ‘cautious, careful and patient’.
Ms Sturgeon’s proposed timetable for easing rules appears to pave the way for Holyrood elections to go ahead on May 6, with her SNP party predicted to win a crushing majority.
The unveiling of the lockdown roadmap for Scotland comes one day after Boris Johnson set out his strategy for England, with the PM having set a date of June 21 for a return to something close to normal life.
One major difference between the two is that Scotland will return to a system of geographic levels while England will exit lockdown as a whole and will not be going back to tiers.
Nicola Sturgeon today unveiled her lockdown exit strategy for Scotland with the nation set to return to a system of tiered restrictions from April 26
The Scottish First Minister’s plan will see some non-essential shops allowed to reopen from April 5, one week earlier than in England
Ms Sturgeon’s plan for easing coronavirus restrictions in Scotland was unveiled one day after Boris Johnson published his roadmap for England
Row erupts as Pfizer slaps down Matt Hancock over vaccine supply claim
Pfizer today insisted its coronavirus vaccine deliveries are on track, hitting back at Matt Hancock after he warned supply issues would slow down the roll-out this week.
The Health Secretary claimed a delay in the supply schedule will result in fewer jabs being dished out. But he also said there would be some ‘bumper weeks in March’ to make up for the lag.
Both Pfizer and AstraZeneca — manufacturers of the jabs currently deployed in the UK — say there is no issue with deliveries.
Pfizer sources today told MailOnline there were ‘no supply challenges’ and deliveries were arriving as planned. AstraZeneca yesterday admitted there were ‘fluctuations’ in supply at plants but that it was still ‘on track’ with orders.
Official figures showed Britain only administered 150,000 vaccines on Sunday, in the worst daily performance since the NHS roll-out began to gather speed last month. The number of first doses dished out has dropped by 40 per cent week-on-week.
With a rapid inoculation drive crucial to Britain’s hopes of lockdown being eased in the next few months, critics say there is ‘no excuse’ for the rollout slowing down.
Think-tank bosses believe it is unlikely supply is solely behind the downturn because there would be reports of centres across the country running out of stock — which hasn’t been the case.
Boris Johnson put a successful vaccine roll-out at the heart of his lockdown-easing plan, which he unveiled yesterday. So long as the operation continues successfully, all restrictions could be dropped in England by June 21. Any hiccups could threaten that target.
Britain is racing to give as many first doses to over-50s as possible before the end of March, when millions of second jabs must be rolled out — which will inevitably slow the operation. The PM has pledged to jab all 32million in the top nine groups by April 15 and every adult by the end of July.
The old levels system in Scotland was split into five different tiers, ranging from Level 0 to Level 4.
Areas in Level 4 are subject to lockdown, with a stay at home instruction in place and all non-essential shops closed. Six people from two households can meet outdoors.
Level 3 allows all retailers to open as long as they comply with government safety guidance for customers and staff.
Mixing with another household indoors in a private home is not allowed but a household can meet another household indoors in a public space like a cafe or restaurant.
Restaurants, cafes and pubs can open indoors and outdoors for the consumption of food and non alcoholic drinks. But alcoholic drinks cannot be served while last entry is 5pm and venues must close by 6pm.
Level 0 was as close to normal life as possible, with people allowed to meet indoors with eight people from three households.
Ms Sturgeon said the vaccination drive will eventually allow a significant easing of rules but until that point restrictions will have to be released slowly.
Confirming the return to tiers, she said: ‘As I have already emphasised, the strategic framework is deliberately cautious at this stage but I want to be clear that in the coming weeks if the data allows and positive trends continue we will seek to accelerate the easing of the restrictions.
‘However, the framework today provides detail on what as of now we expect our next changes to be.
‘Firstly it confirms that if all goes according to plan we will move fully back to a levels system from the last week in April.
‘At that stage we hope that all parts of the country currently in level four will be able to move out of level four and back initially to level three, possibly with some revision to the content of the levels and afterwards to levels dependent on incidence and prevalence of the virus at that time.’
She added: ‘It is therefore from the last week of April that we would expect to see phased but significant reopening of the economy, including non-essential retail, hospitality and services like gyms and hairdressers.’
Ms Sturgeon said the Scottish government will set out details in the middle of March on how decisions on levels will be made, whether the rules in each level will change and the order in which different sectors of the economy will be allowed to reopen.
Setting out what she expects to happen between now and the end of April, Ms Sturgeon said: ‘We envisage a progressive easing of the current level four restrictions that apply across most of the country at intervals of at least three weeks, along with changes nationally on education and care home visiting and the immediate priority will continue to be the return of schools.
Boris Johnson may have to ease lockdown SLOWER if Covid cases spike, warns top SAGE adviser behind gloomy forecast that another 91,000 Britons could die if restrictions are relaxed too quickly
Dr Mike Tildesley, who was behind one of the gloomy forecasts that warned tens of thousands of Britons could die if No10 eased measures too quickly, said the Government ‘needs to be reactive’ to further outbreaks.
‘If we do see a spike in cases or if we see things not going down as fast as we hoped I think there needs to remain the possibility to hold off for a couple of weeks so we get things in control,’ he told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.
‘[This is] particularly if the government wants to have this one-way route to freedom which I think in itself is potentially a little bit uncertain.
‘It may well be that we have to have some measures introduced for a little bit of time in order to prevent these surges in infection occurring so that ultimately we can take virtually a one-way route back to normality.’
It comes as the Prime Minister was today forced to defend his four-stage plan for easing lockdown restrictions as ‘sensible and prudent’ after restrictions-sceptic Tories and scientists said it was too slow.
Mr Johnson’s four-stage plan will allow schools to be the first place to open their doors to all pupils on March 8, before loosening more measures five weeks later.
Ministers insist the long gap is necessary to ensure each step has not triggered a surge in infections that could lead to spiralling hospitalisations and deaths.
Department of Health data shows Covid infections have nosedived since the darkest days of January but there are early signs this is beginning to slow. It is hoped the jab roll-out will, however, keep the lid on hospitalisations and deaths, because they help prevent serious cases of the disease.
‘All of these easings will of course depend on an assessment that it is safe to proceed.
‘The first easing started yesterday with the partial return of schools, in addition universities and colleges are able to bring back a small number of students, no more than five per cent of the total where face to face teaching is critical.
‘We will also ease restrictions on care home visiting from early March and guidance was set out at the weekend.
‘The next phase of easing will be a minimum of three weeks later so indicatively from March 15. We hope that this will include the next phase of school return which will start with the rest of primary school years four to seven and also getting more senior phase secondary pupils back in the classroom for at least part of their learning.’
Ms Sturgeon also said that social interaction rules will be eased from March 15, with the limit on outdoor mixing being increased to four people from a maximum two households compared to the current rule of two people from two households.
Rules could then be further eased from April 5, with Ms Sturgeon saying it is the ‘hope’ and ‘expectation’ that the stay at home restriction will be lifted.
She continued: ‘We would aim for any final phase of school return to take place on this date. Communal worship will also we hope restart around April 5 albeit with restricted numbers to begin with.
‘However, in deciding the exact date for this we will obviously take account of the timing of major religious festivals, for example Easter and Passover so it may be a few days earlier when communal worship can restart.
‘We will seek to ease the restrictions on household gatherings further so that at least six people from two households can meet together.’
Ms Sturgeon also said that this phase would see some more shops allowed to reopen.
She said: ‘That will start with an extension of the definition of essential retail and removal of restrictions on click and collect and then three weeks after that… from the 26th of April assuming the data allows it we will move back to levels with hopefully all of Scotland that is currently in level four moving to level three albeit with some possible modifications.
‘At that stage we will begin to reopen the economy and society in the more substantial way that we are all longing for.’
Ms Sturgeon stressed that all of the dates are indicative and ‘all of this depends on us continuing to suppress the virus now and continuing to accept some trade offs for a period’.
‘If we do so I am very optimistic that we can make good progress in returning more normality to our lives and to the economy,’ she said.
‘I know this is still a cautious approach which thought absolutely essential to control the virus and protect health is nevertheless extremely difficult for many businesses.
Falling demand may be a result of the Government being too ‘rigid’ about its priority list, said the Francis Crick Institute’s Sir Paul Nurse, with only people in the top four priority groups eligible for vaccines so far – although the NHS today widened it to over-65s in group five
Britain has had some of the toughest virus-thwarting measures but ranks in the top five WORST death tolls
Britain has endured some of the toughest virus-thwarting restrictions in the world but has still suffered the fifth highest death toll of the pandemic, according to an analysis by the University of Oxford.
Researchers have ranked the pandemic responses of 180 countries on a ‘stringency map’ by looking at how Covid restrictions have affected schools, offices, social gatherings, international travel and freedom to leave home.
Each country was scored on a scale of one to 100, with a higher figure indicating the most severe virus-controlling curbs. The numbers represented an average since the start of the pandemic.
The team put Britain’s Covid restrictions at 86.11 out of 100 by February 17, using the latest available data, the sixth highest globally. Only the Republic of Ireland had a higher score in Europe (87.96). Although its curbs are broadly similar to England’s, the country has also stopped construction work and click-and-collect shopping.
But when the scores were split by Covid deaths, the UK had suffered the highest fatality rate per 100,000 people of the top ten countries with the harshest restrictions. It had also recorded a higher rate than either France, Germany or the US which have all seen looser curbs imposed.
‘The Scottish government is committed to continuing support for businesses, for example, providing we receive confirmation of consequentials in the March budget we will support the strategic framework business fund until at least the end of June.’
Ms Sturgeon said she believes her timetable for easing lockdown is ‘reasonable’ and that by the summer she hopes Scotland will be ‘living with much greater freedoms than we are today’.
She said: ‘I am as confident as I can be that the indicative, staged timetable that I have set out today – from now until late April when the economy will start to substantially reopen – is a reasonable one.
‘And in mid-March – when we have made further progress on vaccines and have greater understanding of the impact of the initial phase of school return – I hope we can set out then more detail of the further reopening that will take place over April and May and into a summer when we hope to be living with much greater freedoms than we are today.’
However, the First Minister’s timetable means travel restrictions in Scotland will remain in place for ‘some time yet’.
She said it is important that cases of the virus, particularly of new variants of the virus, were not imported into the country.
She said: ‘We saw over the summer how new cases were imported into Scotland, after the virus had almost been eliminated. We do not want that to happen again.
‘In particular we do not want to import new variants of the virus, which could be more resistant to the vaccines that we are currently using.
‘And so the strategic framework rightly emphasises the importance of both travel restrictions and test and protect. They will help us to ease restrictions safely.’