NEW film, 22 July, which tells of the aftermath of the 2011 Norway massacre, has premiered on Netflix.
Neo-Nazi Anders Breivik slaughtered 77 people in bomb and gun attacks in Oslo and Utøya. Here’s the back story.
What happened on July 22 in Oslo and Utoya?
The right-wing extremist’s murderous rampage began when he set off a 2,090lbs fertiliser bomb in a central Oslo at 3.26pm.
Eight people died and dozens were hurt in the blast, which blew out the windows of the prime minister’s offices.
Then just before 5pm Breivik, dressed as a police officer, demanded a ferry captain take him to the island of Utøya, in a fjord 25 miles from the capital.
He was armed with a pistol and automatic rifle and explained he was going to “do research in connection with the bomb blasts”.
Breivik’s target was the annual summer camp of the Labour party’s youth wing.
The first gunshots were reported at 5.26pm as Breivik roamed the island shooting at random.
Survivors described the chaos as teenagers fled from the gunman, some plunging into the water to swim to safety.
He shot at those who tried to swim away while others hid in the undergrowth, cowering in fear.
A police SWAT team was dispatched just four minutes after the shooting began, but they could not find a suitable boat.
Officers eventually arrived on the island at 6.25pm after pleasure boats were commandeered for the crossing.
A group of terrified youngsters directed officers to Breivik, who surrendered.
He told police he was the commander of a secret Christian military order plotting an anti-Muslim revolution in Europe.
Cops later found the gunman’s chilling “manifesto”, declaring war on Muslims and vowing to bring down Western society over 1,500 hate-filled pages.
Where is Anders Breivik now?
At his trial he admitted killing 77 people and injuring 242 but asked to be acquitted.
A court-ordered assessment said he was a paranoid schizophrenic, but a second report ruled that he was not psychotic.
In 2012 a court ruled that he was sane and sentenced him to 21 years in jail with the possibility of indefinite extensions to his jail term.
The mass murderer is kept in solitary confinement in a three-cell complex.
He can play video games, watch TV and exercise in conditions that are better than most other prisoners.
But he has continually moaned that being kept away from other inmates for up to 23 hours a day breaches his human rights.
After a prolonged court battle, he lost his appeal to the European Court of Human Rights in June 2018.
Three years ago he began studying political science at the University of Oslo, some of whose professors were targets in his far-right “manifesto”.
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What is the movie 22 July?
22 July. created by English writer and director Paul Greengrass, premiered on Netflix on October 10 and was also released in some cinemas.
The graphic and relatively brief depiction of the massacre comes fairly early in the film, leaving two hours for Greengrass to deal with the survivor’s stories, the court case, the political maelstrom that followed and Breivik’s mental state.
The English-speaking Scandi-cast includes Anders Danielsen Lie who plays the killer.
Another film, Norwegian drama Utøya-July 22, directed by Erik Poppe, was also released in October 2018.